German Genealogy Glossary
4/16/2013
To better research your German-speaking ancestors, learn these common terms auf Deutsch.
Numbers
German
English
eins one
zwei two
drei three
vier four
fünf five
sechs six
sieben seven
acht eight
neun nine
zehn ten
elf eleven
zwölf twelve
dreizehn thirteen
vierzehn fourteen
fünfzehn fifteen
sechszehn sixteen
siebzehn seventeen
achtzehn
eighteen
neunzehn nineteen
zwanzig twenty
dreißig thirty
vierzig forty
fünfzig fifty
sechzig sixty
siebzig seventy
achtzig eighty
neunzig ninety
hundert one hundred
tausend
one thousand


Dates
German English
Jahr year
Monat
month
Tag day
Januar January
Februar February
Marz March
April April
Mai May
Juni June
Juli July
August August
September September
Oktober October
November November
Dezember December
Montag Monday
Dienstag Tuesday
Mittwoch Wednesday
Donnerstag Thursday
Freitag Friday
Samstag, Sonnabend
Saturday
Sonntag Sunday


Relationships
German English
Bruder
brother
Cousin, Vetter cousin (male)
Eltern parents
Enkelin, Enkel
granddaughter, grandson
Familie family
Frau, Gattin
wife
Grossmutter, -vater
grandmother, grandfather
Kind child
Kusine, Base
cousin (female)
Mann, Gatte
husband
Mutter mother
Neffe
nephew
Nichte
niece
Onkel
uncle
Schwägerin, Schwäger
sister-in-law, brother-in-law
Schwester sister
Schwiegermutter, -vater
mother-in-law, father-in-law
Stiefmutter, -vater
stepmother, stepfather
Tante
aunt
Urgrossmutter, -vater
great-grandmother, great-grandfather
Vater father
Waise orphan
Witwe, Witwer
widow, widower

 
Other terms
German
English
Akt document
Standesamt civil registry
Taufe baptism
Geburt birth
Ehe, Hochzeit, Heirat
marriage
Scheidung divorce
Tod death
Grab grave
Bestattung burial
Vorname first name
Name, Zuname, Familienname
surname
Geburtsname, Mädchenname
maiden name
Stadt
city
Dorf small town
Land state
Bezirk, Kreis
district
Pfarrei, Kirchspiel, Gemeinde
parish

Get at-a-glance tips and facts for researching your German ancestors and reading their German-language records in Family Tree Magazine's German Genealogy Cheat Sheet download, available from ShopFamilyTree.com.

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