Quick Guide: Canadian Censuses Online
Where on the web to find your Canadian kin in censuses.
Researchers with Canadian roots have a bounty of censuses to tap—going back to the 1666 enumeration of New France (what’s now Quebec; see a transcription at <www.afhs.ab.ca/data/census/1666>).
More head counts followed erratically until 1851, when the provinces began taking censuses every 10 years. After the 1867 establishment of the Dominion of Canada, the national government took over decennial census-taking in 1871.
If you’re tracing ancestors in Newfoundland, keep in mind that it didn’t join Canada until 1949; you’ll find censuses of Newfoundland and Labrador (1675 to 1945) at <ngb.chebucto.org/census.shtml>.