Tools of the Trade
Restoring digitized family photos? Here's a rundown of tools you'll use in photo-editing software.
Clone (or rubber stamp): The Clone tool does exactly what it implies: It replicates good areas of an image, so you can hide damaged areas. The source (the "good" area) can be from the same photo or an entirely different one.

Airbrush: The Airbrush tool simulates an actual airbrush or spray-paint can when applying a color. The longer you hold the airbrush over the image, the greater the effect. Airbrush options include the size and shape of the brush, as well as the spray's intensity.

Dodge: This lightens too-dark areas and brings out detail. Dodge takes its name from the traditional darkroom technique of holding back some of the light when printing a photo.