Similar to 23andme, Pathway uses SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) testing to extract information about your health conditions, ancestry and personal traits.
You can get just the ancestry test for $199 (23andme charges $399 for ancestry, health and traits results).
The test will tell women their maternal haplogroup; and men, their maternal and paternal haplogroups. (Thats because both male and female children inherit the mothers mitochondrial DNA, but only males inherit the fathers Y-DNA.)
A haplogroup is akin to a branch of the world family tree. In some cases, knowing your haplogroup can help you determine if someone’s not a relative. (A female cousin through your mothers sister, for example, should be from the same maternal haplogroup as you.) But in general, your haplogroup tells you about your ancient roots, not ancestors who lived recently enough to be covered in genealogical records.
See Pathway’s answers to frequently asked questions about its ancestry test. The company offers customers the option to discuss test results with an on-staff genetic counselor.
Bettinger, whos a consultant to Pathway, describes the ancestry test in detail.