Are you researching genealogy in Iceland?I saw on the National Genealogical Society’s UpFront blog that the Iceland National Archives has put an index to many censuses online (and the site is available in English).
You currently can search censuses for 1703, 1835, 1840, 1845, 1850, 1855, 1860, 1870, 1890, 1901 and 1910.
Censuses for 1762, 1801, 1816 and 1880 will be added soon. And according to the website, digital images of selected censuses from the 18th and 19th centuries will be added when they become available.
The basic search lets you search one or more censuses on the name, household position, farm/house name, parish or county. The advanced search lets you search on a combination of these, plus age and sex.
In your search results, click on a person’s name to see details such as sex, age, marital status, household position, religion and place of birth. Click in the Farm/House column for that person to see a list of everyone in the household.
The information from the census is in Icelandic, of course. I used Google Translate to get a translation for household position terms. That column seems to be roughly equivalent to US censuses’ relationship to the head of household (such as “wife,” “child”) or occupation (such as “farmer,” “maid”).
If you do happen to have ancestors from Iceland, you’ll find more resources for researching them on our International Genealogy Passport CD, which compiles helpful genealogy websites, publications and organizations from nearly every nation on earth.