A. This question was inspired by a post in our Forum.
The CCCwhich happens to be celebrating its 75th anniversary this yearwas established March 21, 1933, as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal legislation. By the time the CCC disbanded in 1942, when Congress ceased its funding, more than 2.5 million workers had participated.
It was a multi-agency effort, with the Army running CCC camps and various federal agencies sponsoring them.
Over 4,500 camps were established in all states. African-Americans were segregated in colored camps. Each enrollee earned at least $30 per month, and had to send $25 of it home to family.
Itll help your search if you know your ancestors camp and the dates he worked, so ask your family members and pore over your research for clues.
The Colorado state archives has a statewide CCC enrollment index, which gives the enrollees name, county, birth date and camp.
Employment records of CCC workers are in the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis. You can fill out a research request following these instructions. Provide as much information as possible, and send either a written OK from the person in the record or proof of the person’s death.
Most administrative and other recordsproject reports, correspondence, the CCCs Happy Days weekly newspaper, publicity materials, meeting minutes, photographs, accident and death reportsare part of Record Group 35 at NARAs College Park, MD, facility.
The CCC records arent indexed and few are microfilmed, so youd need to travel to NARA or hire a researcher there to use them. The finding aid Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Civilian Conservation Corps by Douglas Helms should help.
Some of the camps had newspapers, you can learn their titles using the Center for Research Libraries online search.
Learn more about the CCC on these sites:
- The National Association of Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni site has historical information and listing of states and camps.
- NARAs online article tells you about the formation and operation of the CCC.
- The Past is Prologue blogger writes about the CCCs anniversary and suggests resources.