4 Steps to Date Old Family Photos
Last week’s Photo Detective post about this family introduced four steps to tackle a mystery photo:
- Establish a time frame.
- Focus on place.
- Search for records.
- Watch for matches.
Barbara Rivers’ old family photo depicts a set of parents and their five children. Based on the clothing clues, I dated the image to circa 1897. As I suggested, Barbara went back through her genealogical material and add a bit more detail to her original query:
- Barbara thinks the family lived in Blackhawk, Grundy County, Iowa. A more specific location will hopefully make finding a match easier.
- The last name of Findlay, which may belong to this family, has variant spellings including Findley or Finley. Spelling differences aren’t uncommon. Our ancestors used different versions of their own names, and census enumerators didn’t ask for the correct spelling.
Since the surname is variable, Barbara should do a broad search of censuses. Most genealogy websites automatically look for variant spellings as long as you don’t filter results to exact spellings.
I estimate the ages of the children in this photo between 20 and early 30s. In the 1880 census, they’d all be living in their parents’ household. By 1900, several of the children may have moved away. Barbara found a Joseph F. Findlay in the 1880 census and a Joseph T. Findlay in the 1900 census, whom she believes to be the same man. Both were born in Pennsylvania, and married in Illinois to a woman with the same name.
Finding a Match
I found Joseph F. and Joseph T. Findley in FamilySearch censuses. In 1880, Joseph F. had children Alpheus (20), Thomas (17), Fatima (12), Abbie (10) and Emery (6). Adding 17 years to their ages for an estimated 1897 photo date gives us Alpheus (37), Thomas (34), Fatima (27), Abbie (27) and Emery (23). This identification seems to fit the mysterious photo. Next, I’d encourage Barbara to do “reverse genealogy,” and research forward in time to find descendants of all these children. She then could reach out to find out photographs of them and verify that the faces match.
Identify your old mystery family photos with these guides by Maureen A. Taylor:
- Family Photo Detective: Learn How to Find Genealogy Clues in Old Photos and Solve Family Photo Mysteries
- Fashionable Folks: Bonnets and Hats 1840-1900
- Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album
- Hairstyles 1840-1900
- Photo-Organizing Practices
- Preserving Your Family Photographs
- Searching for Family History Photos: How to Get Them Now