1747 Marggraf extracts sugar from beets
1811 Kirchhof unintentionally gets sugar from starch
1820s Granulated sugar replaces conical sugar “loaves” in the US
1879 Fahlberg and Remsen accidentally discover saccharin
1907 President Theodore Roosevelt’s doctor prescribes saccharin
1937 University of Illinois scientists inadvertently discover cyclamate
1965 Aspartame discovered by chance
1969 FDA bans cyclamate
1976 British scientists create sucralose, on purpose
1982 Aspartame-sweetened Diet Coke introduced
2008 FDA approves stevia
2009 American Heart Association calls for cut in sugar intake
Aspartame was discovered in 1965 when a chemist working on ulcer treatments licked his finger and noticed it was sweet.
In the 18th century, people bought sugar in tall cones with a heavy string through the middle, like a candlewick.
The first mention of molasses was in a 1582 history of the discovery of the East Indies. It was described as a “certine kind of Sugar made of Palmes of Date trees.”
When King George III of England traded the sugar colony Guadalupe for French Canada in 1763, many Englishmen thought he’d made a mistake.