Inside Sources: States’ First Censuses

Inside Sources: States’ First Censuses

Find out the date of the first surviving federal census for each US state.

When did federal census takers begin tallying residents of your ancestral state? Consult this list to learn the first mostly extant US enumeration for each state.

Alabama: 1830

Alaska: 1900

Arizona: 1870

Arkansas: 1840

California: 1850

Colorado: 1880

Connecticut: 1790

Delaware: 1800

District of Columbia: 1820

Florida: 1830

Georgia: 1820

Hawaii: 1900

Idaho: 1900

Illinois: 1820

Indiana: 1820

Iowa: 1850

Kansas: 1870

Kentucky: 1810

Louisiana: 1810

Maine: 1790

Maryland: 1810

Massachusetts: 1790

Michigan: 1820

Minnesota: 1850

Mississippi: 1820

Missouri: 1830

Montana: 1900

Nebraska: 1860

Nevada: 1870

New Hampshire: 1790

New Jersey: 1830

New Mexico: 1850

New York: 1790

North Carolina: 1790

North Dakota: 1900

Ohio: 1820

Oklahoma: 1910

Oregon: 1850

Pennsylvania: 1790

Rhode Island: 1790

South Carolina: 1790

South Dakota: 1900

Tennessee: 1830

Texas: 1850

Utah: 1850

Vermont: 1790

Virginia: 1810

Washington: 1860

West Virginia: 1870

Wisconsin: 1820

Wyoming: 1870

Image: Until 2012, the 1930 US census was the most recent one researchers could access (census records are opened to the public after 72 years). Enumerators recorded the name, age, marital status, place of birth, citizenship status, level of education, occupation and more for each member of the household.

From the September 2005 Family Tree Sourcebook

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