A. The Welsh tract is a 40,000-acre area west of Philadelphia that was heavily settled by Welsh Quakers. The original settlers unsuccessfully negotiated with William Penn in 1684 to make the tract a separate county whose government would use the Welsh language.
The area included what is now Montgomery, Chester, and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; part of Cecil County, Md.; and Pencader Hundred in New Castle County, Del. (In Delaware, a hundred is a geographical area once used as a basis for representation in the state’s general assembly.)
To find Welsh Tract records in Delaware, try these two searches of the Family History Library (FHL) online catalog:
- a keyword search on Welsh Tract
- a place search on New Castle, Delaware (in your search results, click on each topic to see related records)
Here are some other resources and repositories to check:
- The book Early Church Records of New Castle County, Delaware, by F. Edward Wright and Horace Burr has information from records of Welsh Tract Baptist and Pencader Presbyterian Church (formerly called Welsh Tract Presbyterian).
- The Pennsylvania Historic Commission has Welsh Tract rent roll extracts from 1748 among its records. Search the finding aids main page for the term “welsh tract” to find information on these and other records. Each finding aid lists several record groups, so use your web browser’s Find feature to locate instances of the word “Welsh.”
- If the ancestors you’re researching are among the Welsh Tract Quaker settelrs, see our links to Quaker resources. Among the first resources you’ll want to look for at the library is the Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy by William Wade Hinshaw (Genealogical Publishing Co.). Also look intorecords at the Friends Historical Library at Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pa.