The Austrian partition (parts of modern Ukraine and southeastern Poland) was divided into powiaty.
For researching Polish places during the Second Republic (1918-1939) and later, when the country achieved independence, consult these gazetteers:
- Skorowidz Miejscowosci Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Index to Place-Names in the Republic of Poland), published by Wydawnictwo Ksiaznicy Naukowej: This list of all localities then within Polish borders is arranged alphabetically. It covers territory now in Belarus, Lithuania and Ukraine, but doesn’t include western Polish towns that were part of Prussia in 1934. Jurisdictional information is given in columns, with churches in the final column. You can also access it on microfilm from FamilySearch.
- Spis Miejscowosci Polskiej Rzeczypospolite Ludowej (List of Place-names in the Polish People’s Republic), published by Wydawnictwa Komunikacji i Lacznosci in 1967: This work is similar in format to the 1934 gazetteer. While it doesn’t give the parish for each locality, it does provide the location of the civil registry office, which often keeps local vital records. It includes territory regained from Germany after World War II and is available on FamilySearch microfilm.
- Wykaz Urzedowych Nazw Miejscowosci i ich Czesci (List of Official Names of Places and Their Subdivisions): This online gazetteer lists modern Polish places and their associated jurisdictions in an easy-to-understand table format, with columns for nazwa miejscowosci (village name), rodzaj (type), gmina (community/sub-district), powiat (county) and województwo (province).
- Eastern Borderlands Places: You can search this online gazetteer of eastern Polish localities for a place or browse by province. It covers both governmental and church jurisdictions.
- See a complete listing of Poland gazetteers available through FamilySearch.
Not every village in the Czech Republic had its own parish. Often, several small villages would belong to one parish. Use the following gazetteers—all of which are available on microfilm from FamilySearch—to determine the proper record-keeping jurisdiction.
- Administratives Gemeindelexikon der Cechoslovakischen Republik (Administrative Gazetteer of the Czechoslovak Republic) by Rudolf M. Rohrer (Statistischen Staatsamte): This gazetteer, published in 1927 and 1928, gives information on towns and villages in Czechoslovakia after 1918. It’s arranged by political district with an index for the entire country. Volume I covers Bohemia; volume II includes Moravia.
- Gemeindelexikon der im Reichsrate Vertretenen Königreiche und Länder (Gazetteer of the Crownlands and Territories Represented in the Imperial Council) (K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei): Based on a 1900 census, this gazetteer has a volume for each province of the Austrian Empire. Volumes are arranged by political district and subdivided into court districts, with an index to both German and local place-names at the end of the book. Volume IX covers Bohemia, volume X covers Moravia, and volume XI covers Silesia. Access digitized versions of this gazetteer at FamilySearch.org.
- Místopisný slovník Ceskoslovenské republiky (Gazetteer Dictionary of the Czechoslovak Republic) by Bretislav Chromec (Tiskem a Nákladem Ceskoslovenského Kompasu): FamilySearch bases Czech place-names in its catalog on this gazetteer, published in 1929.
- Ortslexikon der Böhmischen Länder, 1910–1965 (Gazetteer of the Bohemian Land, 1910–1965) by Heribert Strum (R. Oldenbourg Verlag): This resource has place-names in German, Czech and Polish for easy reference.
- Gemeindeverzeichnis für Mittel- und Ostdeutschland und die Früheren Deutschen Siedlungsgebiete im Ausland (Gazetteer of Germany and of German Settlements in Europe and the Former German Settlements Abroad) (Verlag für Standesamtswesen): This gazetteer has an alphabetical listing of settlements with a numerical code next to each place. This code refers to the specific country, county and district listed in the beginning of the book.
- To access recommended FamilySearch resources here, search the FamilySearch catalog with the title or place. The catalog detail page gives microfilm numbers you can use to rent the film for viewing at a local FamilySearch Center. You also could search WorldCat to find other libraries that have the item.
- Be cautious when using Soviet Union maps (including Ukraine) between 1930 and 1990. The government falsified public maps of the country, moving rivers and streets, distorting boundaries distorted and omitting geographical features.
- Use our guide for Polish, Czech and Slovak mapping tools to further your research.
Best mapping websites for genealogy
10 best websites for old maps
Finding your immigrant ancestor’s hometown
David Rumsey Map Collection tutorial
Five ways to use online maps for genealogy
Maps and family history
The Family Tree Polish, Czech, and Slovak Genealogy Guide
The Family Tree Historical Maps Book: Europe
Genealogist’s Google Earth Premium Collection