Reading Old Norwegian Genealogy Records

Reading Old Norwegian Genealogy Records

Most of your Norwegian ancestors’ genealogical records are in Norwegian, but you also may find them in Danish, Swedish and occasionally, Latin. It all depends on historical events of the time, including: • Norway united with Denmark from 1319 to 1397; records from this era may be in Danish. &#8226...

Most of your Norwegian ancestors’ genealogical records are in Norwegian, but you also may find them in Danish, Swedish and occasionally, Latin. It all depends on historical events of the time, including:

• Norway united with Denmark from 1319 to 1397; records from this era may be in Danish.
• The Kalmar Union from 1523 to 1814 united Denmark, Sweden and Norway under the Danish King. Records will at least have headings in Danish, although the recorded data may be in Norwegian or Danish.
• Norway united with Sweden under the Swedish king from 1814 to 1905. You may find records with Swedish headings and data in Norwegian or Swedish.
• Norway gained independence under its own king in 1905; records should be in Norwegian from then until the present.
• Germany occupied Norway during World War II (1940-1945), which led to lost or destroyed records in some areas.

It’ll be helpful to understand these key genealogical terms you’re likely to come across in Norwegian research.
 
 Norwegian    English
 amt, fylker   county, counties
 år   year
 barn  child
 begravede, jordet  burial
 bestefar, farfar, morfar    grandfather
 bestemor, farmor, mormor  grandmother
 bror  brother
 brud, brudgom   bride, bridegroom
 bygdebøker  parish local history book
 dåp, døpte  baptism
 datter  daughter
 døde, død  death
 ektemann  husband
 enke, enkemann  widow, widower
 far  father
 fødte, født    birth
 foreldre parents 
 hustru, kone wife 
 landsby  village
 mor mother 
 pikenavn  maiden name
 sokn  parish
 sønn  son
 søster   sister
 viede, copulerede, egteviede, gift, vielse  marriage

 

From the December 2014 Family Tree Magazine 

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