Scotland Timeline

Scotland Timeline

A sampling of Scottish history.


1034 • Duncan I becomes king of Scotland

1297 • William Wallace defeats the English army at Stirling Bridge

1306 • Robert the Bruce is declared king of Scotland

1314 • Bruce’s army defeats Edward II’s army at the Battle of Bannockburn

1406 • James I becomes king of Scotland

1513 • Scottish army loses Battle of Flodden, the largest battle fought between England and Scotland

1542 • Mary, Queen of Scots becomes queen of England

1552 • General Provincial Council orders all parishes to keep baptism registers and marriage banns

1587 • Elizabeth I orders Mary, Queen of Scots’ execution

1603 • Scotland’s James VI becomes King James I of England and Ireland

1707 • Act of Union joins Scotland and England as United Kingdom of Great Britain

1715 • Thousands of Scots support James Edward Stuart as king of Great Britain in the first Jacobite rebellion

1723 • Economist and philosopher Adam Smith is born in Fife

1745 • Scots support Charles Edward Stuart, aka “Bonnie Prince Charlie,” in the second Jacobite rebellion

1746 • English defeat Bonnie Prince Charlie in the Battle of Culloden

1759 • National poet Robert Burns is born in Ayrshire

1778 • Andrew Meikle invents the threshing machine

1824 • George Smith founds the Glenlivet whisky distillery

1829 • Scotland Yard opens as Metropolitan Police headquarters

1843 • Scotsman Alexander Bain invents the facsimile

1855 • Civil registration begins

1883 • Robert Louis Stevenson publishes Treasure Island
1903 • Scottish immigrant David Dunbar Buick forms Buick Motor Car Co.

For more help discovering your family history in Scotland, see Family Tree Magazine‘s Scottish Genealogy Research Strategies online course, starting this week! Don’t miss out! 

From the November 2008 Family Tree Magazine


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