Spanish Genealogy Glossary

Spanish Genealogy Glossary

To better research your Spanish-speaking ancestors, learn these common terms.

To better research your Spanish-speaking ancestors, learn these common terms en Español.


Spanish English
uno one
dos two
tres three
quatro four
cinco five
seis six
siete seven
ocho eight
nueve nine
diez ten
once eleven
doce twelve
trece thirteen
catorce fourteen
quince fifteen
dieciséis sixteen
diecisiete seventeen
dieciocho eighteen
diecinueve nineteen
veinte twenty
treinta thirty
quarenta forty
cincuenta fifty
sesenta sixty
setenta seventy
ochenta eighty
noventa ninety
cien one hundred


Spanish English
año year
mesa month
día day
enero January
febrero February
marzo March
abril April
mayo May
junio June
julio July
agosto August
septiembre September
octubre October
noviembre November
diciembre December
lunes Monday
martes Tuesday
miércoles Wednesday
jueves Thursday
viernes Friday
sábado Saturday
domingo Sunday


Spanish English
abuela, abuelo grandmother, grandfather
bisabuela, bisabuelo great-grandmother, great-grandfather
cuñada, cuñado sister-in-law, brother-in-law
esposa, esposo wife, husband
familia family
herederos heirs
hermana, hermano sister, brother
huérfana, huérfano orphan
madrastra stepmother
madre mother
marida, marido wife, husband
nieta, nieto granddaughter, grandson
padrastro stepfather
padre father
prima, primo cousin
prometida, prometido fiancee, fiance
sobrina, sobrino niece, nephew
suegra, suegro mother-in-law, father-in-law
tía, tío aunt, uncle
tía abuela, tío abuelo great-aunt, great-uncle
tatarabuela, tatarabuelo great-great-grandmother, great-great-grandfather
viuda, viudo widow, widower


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