1565—Spanish found St. Augustine, Fla., first permanent white settlement in what’s now the United States
1607—First permanent English settlement in America, at Jamestown, Va.
1670—Charlestown, SC, founded
1682—First Spanish settlement in Texas
1686—French establish settlement in Arkansas
1733—James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Ga.
1743—Thomas Jefferson born in Virginia
1769—First permanent settlement in Tennessee
1774—First permanent settlement in Kentucky
1793—Elis Whitney invents the cotton gin
1797—Mint julep invented in Virginia
1819—Spain cedes remainder of Florida to US
1821—Texas becomes part of new nation of Mexico; Stephen Austin founds Anglo-American colony in Texas.
1836—Texas declares independence from Mexico; Battle of the Alamo
1838-39—Trail of Tears forces 13,000 Cherokee west of the Mississippi
1856—Booker T. Washington born in Virginia
1860—South Carolina is the first state to secede from the Union
1861—Civil War begins at Fort Sumter, SC
1863—Part of Virginia admitted to Union as West Virginia
1863—Emancipation Proclamation frees slaves in the Confederacy
1865—Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox
1866—Jack Daniel starts making whiskey in Lynchburg, Tenn.
1870—Last states readmitted to the Union
1875—First Kentucky Derby run
1886—Atlanta pharmacist John S. Pemberton creates Coca-Cola
1896—George Washington Carver joins the Tuskegee Institute, where he begins to popularize the peanut
1912—Goo Goo Clusters, “the South’s favorite candy,” introduced
1915—D.W. Griffith films Birth of a Nation
1917—Moon Pie, “the original marshmallow sandwich,” invented
1926—Nashville country radio program becomes “The Grand Ole Opry”
1927—Edna Ferber’s novel Show Boat becomes a hit musical
1935—Elvis Presley born in Tupelo, Miss.
1936—Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind is published
1939—Kentucky Fried Chicken recipe perfected
1946—Robert Penn Warren writes All the King’s Men
1949—William Faulkner wins the Nobel Prize for Literature
1955—Rosa Parks sparks Montgomery, Ala., bus boycott
1957—Federal troops sent to desegregate Arkansas schools
1960—”The Andy Griffith Show” brings Mayberry, NC, to TV
1962—Gregory Peck stars in To Kill a Mockingbird, from the Harper Lee novel
1968—Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated
1971—Disney World opens in Orlando, Fla.
1976—Jimmy Carter elected president
1977—Alex Haley’s Roots becomes a hit TV mini-series
1980—J.R. Ewing is shot on TV’s “Dallas”
1996—Olympic games held in Atlanta