The United States had designs on conquering Canada during the War of 1812, and assumed it would be an easy task thanks to Loyalist Americans who’d migrated there after the Revolutionary War. Former president Thomas Jefferson is said to have called the conquest “a mere matter of marching.”
But Canada’s English and French residents, local and volunteer militias and Aboriginal peoples united against American forces, galvanizing national pride—and giving the war a more-prominent place in Canadian historical consciousness than in that of her southern neighbors. Learn more about the war in Canada here.
Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds muster rolls, pay lists, claims for compensation, certificates of service, medal registers, maps and more records documenting their efforts. (No military service records exist for 1800s Canadian service members.) LAC is digitizing War of 1812 records. Some of the digitized military records encompass soldiers in this war.