South Dakota Fast Facts and Key Resources

By David A. Fryxell Premium

Statehood: 1889
US territory status: part of Michigan Territory in 1834, Wisconsin Territory in 1836, Iowa Territory in 1838, Minnesota Territory in 1849 and Dakota Territory in 1861
First federal census: 1900
Available territorial and state censuses: 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935, 1945
Statewide birth, death and marriage records begin: 1905
Counties: 66
Public-land state

Contact for vital records:
Department of Health
Vital Records Office
207 E. Missouri, Suite 1-A
Pierre, SD 57501
(605) 773-4961

Web Sites



Grave Records of Minnehaha County Cemeteries (Sioux Valley Genealogical Society)


History of South Dakota by Doane Robinson (B.F. Bowen & Co.)


History of South Dakota by Herbert Samuel Schell and John E. Miller (South Dakota State Historical Society Press)


A New South Dakota History edited by Harry F. Thompson (Center for Western Studies)


The Sioux in South Dakota History: A Twentieth-Century Reader edited by Richmond L. Clow (South Dakota State Historical Society)


South Dakota History: An Annotated Bibliography by Herbert T. Hoover and Karen P. Zimmerman (Greenwood Press)


Organizations and Archives

Augustana College Center for Western Studies
2001 S. Summit Ave., Sioux Falls, SD 57197, (800) 727-2844

NARA Central Plains Region

2312 E. Bannister Road, Kansas City, MO 64131, (816) 268-8000

Pierre-Fort PierreGenealogical Society

Box 925, Pierre, SD 57501

Sioux Valley Genealogical Society

200 W. Sixth St., Sioux Falls, SD 57104

South Dakota Genealogical Society

Box 1101, Pierre, SD 57501

South Dakota State Archives

900 Governors Drive, Pierre, SD 57501, (605) 773-3804

South Dakota State Historical Society

900 Governors Drive, Pierre, SD 57501, (605) 773-3458

South Dakota State Library

Mercedes MacKay Building, 800 Governors Drive, Pierre, SD 57501, (800) 423-6665

University of South Dakota I.D. Weeks Library

414 E. Clark St., Vermillion, SD 57069, (605) 677-5373


From the October/November 2017 Family Tree Magazine.


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