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Explore Your Native American Heritage

Many families have handed-down stories about American Indian ancestors, but how can you know for sure? Learn everything you need to confirm, research and understand your Native American heritage.

RESEARCH | RECORDS | RESOURCES (GENERAL) | RESOURCES (BY TERRITORY)

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Researching American Indian Ancestors

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American Indian Genealogy Records

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Native American Genealogy Research Resources (General)

WEBSITES | IMAGES | BOOKS and PUBLICATIONS

WEBSITES

Access Genealogy: Indian Tribes of the United States

Access Genealogy: Native American History and Genealogy: Search indexes to many removal rolls, including the Trail of Tears Roll, and databases of hard-to-find records, as well as read a beginner’s guide to American Indian genealogy.

American Indian Tribal Directory

American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications

Bureau of Indian Affairs: Tribal Leaders Directory

Cyndi’s List: Native American

Department of the Interior: Trace Indian Ancestry

FamilySearch Wiki: Indigenous Peoples of North America – A Beginner’s Guide

Fold3.com–Native American Records: Search or browse images of 77,000 Dawes enrollment cards and 883,000 Dawes packets, as well as ratified Indian treaties and Indian census rolls, 1885 to 1940.

Indian and Colonial Research Center

Kansas City Indian Center

Maps of Native American Indians by State

National Archives and Records Administration: Dawes Rolls database includes more than 100,000 names of people in the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898 to 1914. An index search reveals blood degree and census card number, to order additional records.

National Museum of the American Indian

Native American Genealogy: Reconnecting With Your American Indian Heritage

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act

Native American Nations

Native Languages of the Americas: List of Native American Indian Tribes and Languages

Oklahoma Historical Society: Search the 1890 Oklahoma territorial census, applications for enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes, land lottery records, Smith’s First Directory of Oklahoma and school reports from Dawes Commission records.

RootsWeb: Native American Resources

“Snakes & Scribes: The Dawes Commission and the Enrollment of the Creeks”

The State Historical Society of Missouri

U.S. Federally Non-Recognized Indian Tribes–Index by State

Using the Dawes Rolls Online

IMAGES

American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Collection: More than 2,300 photographs are searchable by subject, title or description.

Denver Public LibraryHistory of the American West 1860-1920: A collection of 30,000 images, taken from 1860 to 1920, illustrates the lives of American Indians from more than 40 tribes living west of the Mississippi River.

Edward S. Curtis’s The North American Indian: More than 2,000 keyword-searchable images that span 1907 to 1930 and cover 80 tribes from states west of the Mississippi.

Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains: This database of photos, drawings, maps and artwork represents 10 major tribes. Search by subject, date, name, tribe, location or creator.

Labriola National American Indian Data Center: Browse 270 of missionary Augustine Schwarz’s photos of the Pima, Papagos and Apache peoples.

Online Archive of California: This vast archive includes 3,000 American Indian photographs from the C. Hart Merriam Collection.

Wisconsin Historical Society Native American Portraits: Browse 182 images or search by keyword.

BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS*

American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast compiled by Ron Chepesiuk and Arnold Shankman (Greenwood Press)

Atlas of the North American Indian by Carl Waldman (Checkmark Books)

Cherokee Connections by Myra Vanderpool Gormley (Genealogical Publishing Co.)

The Churches and the Indian Schools, 1888-1912 by Francis Pual Prucha (University of Nebraska Press)

The Dawes Act and the Allotment of Indian Lands (Volume 123) by D.S. Otis (University of Oklahoma Press)

Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes by Carl Waldman (Checkmark Books)

Everyday Life Among the American Indians by Candy Vyvey Moulton (Writer’s Digest Books)

The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes by Sharon Malinowsli (Gale/Cengage Learning)

A Genealogist’s Guide to Discovering Your Immigrant & Ethnic Ancestors by Sharon DeBartolo Carmack (Betterway Books)

Guide to American Indian Resource Materials in Great Plains Repositories by Joseph G. Svoboda (Center for Great Plains)

Guide to Catholic Indian Mission and School Records in Midwest Repositories by Philip C. Ban tin with Mark G. Thiel (Marquette University)

Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives, 3rd edition edited by Anne Bruner Eales and Robert M. Kvasnicka (National Archives and Record Service)

Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians by Edward E. Hill (National Archives and Records Administration)

The Handbook of the American Indians: North of Mexico edited by Frederick Webb Hodge (Greenwood Publishing Group)

Handbook of North American Indians (multiple volumes) edited by William C. Sturtevant and Bruce G. Trigger (Smithsonian Institute)

How to Research American Indian Blood Lines: A Manual on Indian Genealogical Research by Cecelia Svinth Carpenter (Heritage Quest)

Index to Old Wars Pension Files, 1875-1926 by Virgil D. White (National Historical Publishing Co.)

Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians by Grant Foreman (University of Oklahoma Press)

Indian Treaties, 1778-1883 by Charles Joseph Kappler (Amereon Ltd)

The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton (Genealogical Publishing Co.)

Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia edited by Mary B. Davis (Garland Publishing)

Native American Genealogical Sourcebook by Paula K. Byers (Gale/Cengage Learning)

Native American Periodicals and Newspapers, 1828-1982: Bibliography, Publishing Record, and Holdings  edited by James P. Danky (Greenwood Press)

Preliminary Inventory 163 Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs by Edward Hill (National Archives and Records Administration)

The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy, 3rd edition by Loretto Dennis Scucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking (Ancestry): See chapter 19, “Tracking Native American Family History.”

A Student’s Guide to Native American Genealogy  by. E. Barrie Kavasch (Greenwood Press)

Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal by Rachal Mills Lennon (Genealogical Publishing Co.)

*FamilyTreeMagazine.com is a participant in the Amazon Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program. It provides a means for this site to earn advertising fees, by advertising and linking to Amazon and affiliated websites.

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Native American Tribe Resources
(Divided by Territory)

compiled by Nancy Hendrickson

NORTHEAST | GREAT BASIN, INTERIOR PLATEAU and NORTHWEST COAST | SOUTHEAST | SOUTHWEST and CALIFORNIA | PLAINS, PRAIRIES and WOODLANDS

NORTHEAST

Territory

Area bordered by Canada on the north, Great Lakes on the west, Tennessee River to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the east

Tribes

Abenaki, Algonkin, Cayuga, Delaware, Huron, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Mohawk, Narraganset, Penobscot, Ottawa, Oneida, Seneca, Shawnee, Tuscarora, Wampanoag

Delaware Tribe of Indians

Four Huron Wampum Records

Haudenosaunee/The Six Nations/Iroquois Confederacy: Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora

Mohawk Council of Akwesasne

Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs

Oneida Nation

People of the Standing Stone

The Seneca Nation of Indians

Traditional Abenaki of Mazipskwik and Related Bands

Shawnee Tribe

Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head

The Wampum Chronicles

GREAT BASIN, INTERIOR PLATEAU and NORTHWEST COAST

Territory

Western half of Wyoming, Montana and Colorado; Washington, Oregon, Utah, Nevada, Idaho

Tribes

Bannock, Cayuse, Chinook, Clatsop, Duwamish, Flathead, Haida, Kutenai, Klamath, Nez Perce, Paiute, Shoshone, Spokane, Suquamish, Tillamook, Ute, Wenatchee, Wishram, Yakama

Chinook Nation

Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs (Paiute)

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

Eastern Shore Tribe: Shoshone Reservation

Klamath Tribes

Nez Perce Tribe

Spokane Tribe of Indians

The Suquamish Tribe

Ute Indian Tribe

SOUTHEAST

Territory

Area bordered by Kentucky and Virginia on the north, Mississippi River to the west, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic on the south and east

Tribes

The Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole), Alabama, Apalachee, Catawba, Natchez, Quapaw, Yamasee

All Things Cherokee

Cherokee Heritage Center

Cherokee Nation

Chickasaw Nation

Choctaw Nation

Five Civilized Tribes

Eastern Band of Cherokee

Muscogee (Creek) Nation

Quapaw Nation

Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

Seminole Tribe of Florida

TNGenWeb: Beginning Your Cherokee Research

TNGenWeb: Cherokee by Blood

SOUTHWEST and CALIFORNIA

Territory

Most of Arizona and New Mexico, part of western and southern Texas, California

Tribes

Apache, Cahuilla, Chumash, Havasupai, Miwok, Modoc, Mojave, Navajo, Papago, Pima, Yaqui, Yavapai and Yuma, plus the Pueblo tribes of the Hopi, Laguna, Taos and Zuni

Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria

Hopi Cultural Preservation Office

The Hopi Tribe

Mescalero Apache Tribe

Navajo Nation

“Roll of Cherokee Freedmen” (Kern-Clifton Roll, January 16, 1867): This is a census of freedmen of the Cherokee Nation and their descendants.

Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians

PLAINS, PRAIRIES and WOODLANDS

Territory

Extended from Canada almost to Mexico; Southern Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba; eastern Montana, Wyoming and Colorado; extreme eastern part of New Mexico; North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas, Arkansas and Texas; Woodlands bounded by Lake Michigan and Lake Superior on the east, Missouri on the west; includes Illinois and parts of Wisconsin and Iowa

Tribes

Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Comanche, Crow, Fox, Illinois, Kansa, Kiowa, Mandan, Menominee, Omaha, Osage, Pawnee, Sac, Sioux, Winnebago

Blackfeet Nation

Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes

Comanche Language and Cultural Preservation Committee

Dawes Records: 1896 Applications and Choctaw-Citizenship Court Pertaining to Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, & Creek Tribes in Oklahoma

Fort Peck Assiniboine & Sioux Tribes

Great Lakes Inter-tribal Council, Inc.

“The Illini Confederation: Lords of the Mississippi Valley”

Official Website…of the Great Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Nation (The Great Souix Nation)

Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara

The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin

Minnesota Chippewa Tribe

Northern Cheyenne Tribe

Ojibwe

Pawnee Nation

Rosebud Sioux Tribe

Sac & Fox Nation

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians

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