Binders are a great tool for organizing and sharing family history research. Not only can they can help you organize information for your own reference, but they are also a great way to share your discoveries in a portable, easy-to-understand format that other family members can flip through and enjoy.
Gather Your Supplies
If your binder is meant to be passed around and shared, you may want to opt for more durable materials, whereas if you intend on storing and archiving your binder you might consider archival-grade materials.
The amount and type of materials you will need depends on the goal and scale of your specific project, so you should determine those things first before buying supplies.
Set apart research materials (photocopies, printouts, written notes) relating to a single family line. Plan up to 100 pages of office-grade paper per 1-inch ring size, or 30 to 40 pages if using sheet protectors.
Here is a basic list of what you’ll need to begin your project:
Of course, you’ll also need to gather your research together and make sure you have all the information and photos you’ll want to include in your binder.
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Choose Your Organizational Method
This is the trickiest part! The best organizational method will depend on your goal and your unique family. Here are five filing systems we recommend:
Beginner’s Basic System
Use one for each surname, then label subject dividers with the types of records and put copies of corresponding documents behind the divider.
For example, organize a binder around a single family line, beginning with a pedigree chart and then creating a section for each ancestor in the chart. In each section are all the records for that particular ancestor, organized chronologically.
This is the system that will be outlined. Other to consider are:
Geographic Area Method
If you tend to sample a few records in this state and a few more in that country, try this trim, aerodynamic filing system. You store documents according to surname and geographic locality, then subdivide them by record group.
Here, you’ll sort the contents of your bulging surname files by making separate file folders for the surname and type of record, such as “SIMMONS: Census,” “SIMMONS: Naturalization Records,” “SIMMONS: Passenger Lists.” Arrange these folders alphabetically by surname, then by type of record.
Married Couple Method
This file organization tactic coordinates your files for all the couples listed on your pedigree chart. But first you’ll need a family group sheet for every married couple on your pedigree chart.
Unusual Documents and Resources
Create separate file folders for unusual resources, such as oral history interview transcripts, letters from modern relatives, or a relative’s memoir. Ideally, you should place original, one-of-a-kind items in acid-free file folders or boxes.
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Fill out a Pedigree Chart
If you’re following our example above, the first step is to fill out a pedigree chart. If your ancestors aren’t numbered, give them a number starting with the most recent and methodically working back. Also be sure to note second marriages, if applicable.
Step One: Write surnames in capital letters.
The all-caps approach lets you (or someone reading your charts) immediately distinguish last names from first and middle names.
Step Two: If you know middle names, spell them out.
Naturally, this helps you distinguish Grandpa William Randolph Reynolds from Grandpa William Robert Reynolds.
Step Three: Always record nicknames, denoting them in quotation marks.
Again, you want to show your ancestors’ full identities, so you can match up family history to the right relative.
Step Four: List women’s maiden names, not their married names.
Since you’re recording your female ancestors right next to their husbands, including their married names is redundant.
Step Five: Format dates as day, month, full year.
For consistency, genealogists write dates European-style, flip-flopping the American convention of month, day, year. To avoid any potential confusion, they also use the month’s abbreviation in capital letters instead of a numeral.
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Ancestor Information Sections
After you’ve completed your pedigree chart, it’s time to create the sections for your binder. Remember, in our example we’re creating a section for each ancestor. It is helpful to begin each section with some sort of fact sheet bio that includes basic, at-a-glance information about that ancestor.
Ancestor Fact Sheets
Create a basic ancestor form that lists vital stats, marriages, children, and maybe a photo if you have one!
Short Ancestor Biography
Write a short synopsis of your ancestor’s life. Make sure that you use a consistent length and style, and include all the genealogically relevant information that you can.
Family Group Sheet
Depending on how your binder is organized, it may make more sense for you to being each section with a family group sheet. This form will track specific information on an ancestor and his or her nuclear family, including spouse and children. It will also help you keep track of details about relatives who aren’t direct ancestors — siblings, aunts, uncles, etc. — and assemble your full genealogy.
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Personal Record Inventory
Once you have facts and biographical information notated for each ancestor, it’s time to create a personal record inventory. The purpose of this is to create a detailed inventory of each family member’s personal genealogy records.
Can we just three-hole punch papers and throw them in a binder?
You can, and some people do. But original materials such as documents and letters should be placed in archival storage conditions. Also, you don’t want to three-hole punch certain things—you might punch through the birth date on a vital record. I wouldn’t want to use staples or glue, either: When you alter an item, you risk changing the information on it.
This is another great reason to create a personal record inventory for each ancestor in your binder. Not only can you keep track of the records you have for them (and where you found them), but you can also notate if originals are stored elsewhere.
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Assemble Your Binder
Step One: Place a pedigree chart in the front of the binder.
Step Two: Label tabbed dividers by family group (or individual, if you have a lot of material).
Step Three: Sort your documents into tabbed sections. Consider placing materials related to an ancestor’s childhood in his or her parents’ family group, and putting materials related to marriage and later in the ancestor’s grown-up family group.
Step Four: Place family group sheets at the front of each section, along with personal inventory pages listing records you have for each person.
Step Five: Make high-quality photocopies of deteriorating originals to preserve their content. Extra-dark or color copies may best capture fading handwriting or type.
Step Six: Consider keeping sturdy original documents (8½x11 inches or smaller) in archival sheet protectors in a binder. For oversized or fragile documents, keep copies in a binder and originals in separate archival storage. (Note the location of originals on your personal inventory pages.)
Step Seven: Save space and supplies by filing multiple-page or related documents in the same sheet protector. But don’t file fragile originals or materials of different types (such as photos and newsprint) together.
Step Eight: Label the binder spine with the family name.
Here are a few ideas for additional sections and elements you can include:
- a personal message from you
- a notes section
- a photos section
And there you have it! Now you can proudly show off your completed project at the next holiday gathering or family reunion.
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Last updated: February 2021
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