Access: Search the 1880 Special Census of Indians on Ancestry.com. Originals are at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Access: Ancestry.com and HeritageQuest Online have some indexed images of agricultural schedules. If your ancestor’s locale isn’t included in these sites, try running a web search with the state, county, year and keywords census “agricultural schedule.” This might turn up originals at a state repository or university library. NARA also has some schedules on microfilm. If you end up browsing unindexed schedules, keep in mind they’re arranged by state, then county, then city or township.
Manufacturing and Industry Schedules
Access: Surviving data for the 1810 agricultural census is included with the 1810 population schedules. You can browse for these in federal census records on websites such as Ancestry.com or FamilySearch.org, or on microfilm.
Defective, dependent and delinquent schedules
- Schedule 2 for the “insane”: whether someone was or had been institutionalized, the nature and duration of the illness, whether restraints were needed and whether the person was epileptic, suicidal or homicidal
- Schedules 3, 4 and 5 for “idiots” (those with severe mental deficiency since childhood), “deaf-mutes” and the blind: comparable data to the above, plus causes of these conditions
- Schedule 6 for homeless children in institutions: whether parents were deceased, guardianship status of living parents, legitimacy of the child’s birth, “respectability” of the child’s background, the child’s criminal history, and whether blind, “deaf-mute” or an “idiot”
- Schedule 7 for the incarcerated: status of a person’s term (such as awaiting a trial or serving out a fine), reason and length of stay, and the nature of any hard labor
- Schedule 7a for the poor receiving public aid: who was paying for the person’s care; details about health, disability, sobriety and criminal background; and which (if any) family members were with the person in the institution
Social Statistics Schedules
- Available Schedules: agricultural schedules (1850-1885); defective, dependent and delinquent schedule (1880); Indian schedules (1880, 1900-1940); industrial and manufacturing schedules (1810, 1820, 1850-1880); mortality schedules (1850-1885); slave schedules (1850 and 1860); social statistics schedules (1850-1870); Civil War veterans schedules (1890), Revolutionary war pensioner census (1840)
- Jurisdiction Where Kept: primarily at National Archives, with a few at state, regional, private or university archives
- Online Search Terms: [name of schedule] + US census + year + place
- Find in the FamilySearch Catalog: Search by Place, and then select a Census option from the list of results to see whether a nonpopulation schedule exists for that place and year.
- Alternate and substitute records: varies depending on type of schedule
- 1890 Veterans Census
- Censuses of American Indians
- HeritageQuest Online
- National Archives: Charts and Forms for Genealogy
- National Archives: Federal Nonpopulation Schedules, 1850-1880
- National Archives: Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
- National Archives: Nonpopulation Census Records
- Prologue magazine: The Special Enumeration of Union Veterans and Widows
- US Census Bureau: Nonpopulation Records
- USDA Census of Agriculture: Census Publications
- The 1890 Cherokee Nation Census Indian Territory (Oklahoma) by Barbara L. Benge (Heritage Books)
- The Census Book: A Genealogist’s Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes by William Dollarhide (Heritage Books)
- Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Matthew Wright (Ancestry Publishing)
- Indexes to Manufacturers’ Census of 1820: An Edited Printing of the Original Indexes and Information
- compiled by the National Archives (Bookmark)
- Your Guide to the Federal Census for Genealogists, Researchers and Family Historians by Kathleen W. Hinckley (Betterway Books)
Put It Into Practice Quiz
a. Those who died the year preceding the census
b. Immigrants not yet naturalized
c. Civil War veterans and their widows
d. Native Americans living on reservations
2. Name at least three classes of people included in the
1880 DDD schedule.
3. To be included in a mortality schedule, when did the
a. During the year the federal population census was taken
b. The year prior to the federal population census being taken
c. Both a and b
d. None of the above
Exercise A: At Ancestry.com or on HeritageQuest Online, search in the Selected US Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880 collection for Abraham Johnson (indexed as “Abrahan”). Find him in the 1880 Agricultural Schedule for Hart County, Ga., District 1115, on line 8. Read that row and the continuing row for line 8 in the section below it.
1. Is Abraham a farm owner, renter or sharecropper (from columns 2-4) and how many acres did Abraham have under cultivation (column 5)?
2. What was the estimated value of his 1879 farm production (column 17)?
3. From the second row of data, how many milk cows (column 26), swine (column 46) and barnyard poultry (column 47) did he have?
4. Write a citation for this record.
Exercise B: Choose a family line. Using the Worksheet, choose an ancestor to look for in special census schedules. Make notes on what you find and then add the results to your family tree database.
HeritageQuest Online search tips
Researching special censuses
State census records guide
The Genealogist’s Census Pocket Reference eBook
Smarter Online Census Searching video class
Unofficial Guide to Ancestry.com