Holocaust History Timeline

By Family Tree Editors Premium

Holocaust Timeline 

  • Feb. 24, 1920: Adolf Hitler outlines the German Workers’ Party program, declaring that “no Jew can be a countryman”
  • Jan. 30, 1933: Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
  • March 22, 1933: Nazis open the first official concentration camp in Dachau, near Munich
  • Sept. 15, 1935: Nuremberg Laws strip Jews of citizenship
  • March 13, 1938: Hitler announces the Anschluss (union) with Austria
  • April 26, 1938: Order for the Disclosure of Jewish Assets requires Jews to report property worth over 5,000 reichsmarks
  • July 6, 1938: Jews are prohibited from trading and providing a variety of commercial services
  • November 9-10, 1938: During the Kristallnacht pogram, Jewish synagogues and shops are destroyed, and 30,000 Jews are arrested
  • Nov. 15, 1938: All Jewish children are expelled from German schools 
  • March 15, 1939: Germany seizes Czechoslovakia
  • Sept. 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland
  • Sept. 3, 1939: Britain and France declare war on Germany
  • Sept. 29, 1939: Germany and Russia divide Poland, leaving more than 2 million Jews in Nazi-controlled areas
  • Feb. 12, 1940: 1,300 Jews from Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland), are deported to Lublin in occupied Poland
  • April 30, 1940: Nazis seal off the Lódz Ghetto in occupied Poland with 230,000 Jews inside
  • May 10, 1940: Germany invades France, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg
  • June 14, 1940: Nazis occupy Paris 
  • Sept. 29-30, 1940: SS Einsatzgruppen kill 33,771 Jews at the Babi Yar ravine in Kiev
  • April 6, 1941: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
  • Sept. 1, 1941: Nazis require German Jews to wear the yellow Star of David badge on the outside of their clothing
  • Dec. 11, 1941: United States enters the war in Europe 
  • July 16, 1942: Nearly 13,000 Parisian Jews are arrested 
  • Sept. 26, 1942: SS begins cashing in possessions of Jews from Auschwitz and Majdanek concentration camps
  • July 24, 1944: Russian troops liberate Majdanek
  • Aug. 4, 1944: Anne Frank and her family are arrested in Amsterdam and sent to Auschwitz
  • April 30, 1945: Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker
  • May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders to the Allies 
From the December 2015 Family Tree Magazine