Holocaust History Timeline

Holocaust History Timeline

When you're tracing Jewish ancestors during the Holocaust, knowing the history of the era can help you figure out where your relatives might be. This timeline will get you started.

Holocaust Timeline 

  • Feb. 24, 1920: Adolf Hitler outlines the German Workers’ Party program, declaring that “no Jew can be a countryman”
  • Jan. 30, 1933: Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
  • March 22, 1933: Nazis open the first official concentration camp in Dachau, near Munich
  • Sept. 15, 1935: Nuremberg Laws strip Jews of citizenship
  • March 13, 1938: Hitler announces the Anschluss (union) with Austria
  • April 26, 1938: Order for the Disclosure of Jewish Assets requires Jews to report property worth over 5,000 reichsmarks
  • July 6, 1938: Jews are prohibited from trading and providing a variety of commercial services
  • November 9-10, 1938: During the Kristallnacht pogram, Jewish synagogues and shops are destroyed, and 30,000 Jews are arrested
  • Nov. 15, 1938: All Jewish children are expelled from German schools 
  • March 15, 1939: Germany seizes Czechoslovakia
  • Sept. 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland
  • Sept. 3, 1939: Britain and France declare war on Germany
  • Sept. 29, 1939: Germany and Russia divide Poland, leaving more than 2 million Jews in Nazi-controlled areas
  • Feb. 12, 1940: 1,300 Jews from Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland), are deported to Lublin in occupied Poland
  • April 30, 1940: Nazis seal off the Lódz Ghetto in occupied Poland with 230,000 Jews inside
  • May 10, 1940: Germany invades France, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg
  • June 14, 1940: Nazis occupy Paris 
  • Sept. 29-30, 1940: SS Einsatzgruppen kill 33,771 Jews at the Babi Yar ravine in Kiev
  • April 6, 1941: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
  • Sept. 1, 1941: Nazis require German Jews to wear the yellow Star of David badge on the outside of their clothing
  • Dec. 11, 1941: United States enters the war in Europe 
  • July 16, 1942: Nearly 13,000 Parisian Jews are arrested 
  • Sept. 26, 1942: SS begins cashing in possessions of Jews from Auschwitz and Majdanek concentration camps
  • July 24, 1944: Russian troops liberate Majdanek
  • Aug. 4, 1944: Anne Frank and her family are arrested in Amsterdam and sent to Auschwitz
  • April 30, 1945: Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker
  • May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders to the Allies 
From the December 2015 Family Tree Magazine 

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