• Headstone Hunter
<www.headstonehunter.com> Serves as the online matchmaker for those people who want to see what old family graves look like, and those who live nearby that cemetery and want to volunteer to photograph tombstones. It also offers tips on how to clean and photograph headstones without disturbing the burial site.
• Saving Craves
<www.savinggraves.com> Outlines the cemetery status of each state, including laws, online records and endangered cemetery listings. It also teaches how you can help preserve graveyards that have fallen prey to development, lack of maintenance, vandalism or private owners who deny public access.
• Cemetery Records Online
<www.interment.net> Offers international burial records along with tips on how to research your family tree, how to find a “lost burial” and where to look for help.
• The Obituary Archive Search Engine
<www.obitcentral.com/obitsearch/> Here you can perform six searches of more than 250,000 full-text obituaries indexed from online newspaper archives and Web sites. Obit-Central combs through records not found on other indexes.
<www.totentanz.de/cemetery.htm> Everything you ever wanted to know about cemeteries is here. Complete listing of cataloged US cemeteries as well as online cemetery catalogs from around the world.
• Cemetery Junction
<www.cemeteryjunction.com> Online directories of 35,000 cemeteries, plus feature articles, obituary sources and cemetery history lessons.
• Find a Grave
<www.findagrave.com> Search graves of the famous or 2.5 million non-famous grave records, or look for a particular cemetery or surname.
• List of State Veterans Cemeteries
<www.cem.va.gov/lsvc.htm> Alphabetized listing of state veteran cemeteries and their contact information.
• USGenWeb Tombstone Transcription Project
<www.rootsweb.com/~cemetery> Volunteers transcribe tombstone inscriptions and archive their work here.
• Virtual Cemetery
www.genealogy.com/vcem_welcome.html> A collection of tombstone photos and searchable archive of transcriptions contributed to Genealogy.com.
• Cemeteries and Gravemarkers: Voices of American Culture edited by Richard Meyer (Utah State University Press)
• Graven Images: New England Stonecarving and its Symbols by Allan Ludwig (Wesleyan University Press)
• Ethnicity and the American Cemetery edited by Richard Meyer (Bowling Green University Popular Press)
• The Last Great Necessity: Cemeteries in American History by David Charles Sloane (Johns Hopkins University Press)
• Silent Cities: Cemeteries and Classrooms by Alexia J. Helsley (South Carolina Department of Archives and History)
• Texas Graveyards: A Cultural Legacy by Terry G. Jordon (University of Texas Press)
• Tombstones of Your Ancestors by Louis S. Schafer (Heritage Books)
• Underfoot: An Everyday Guide to Exploring the American Past by David Weitzman (out of print)
SUPPLIERS OF BOOKS, NOVELTY ITEMS AND TOMBSTONE-RUBBING NEEDS
• Association for Gravestone Studies
278 Main St., Suite 207 Greenfield, MA 01301 (413) 772-0836 <www.gravestonestudies.org>
• Oldstone Enterprises
1 Deangelo Dr. Bedford, MA 01730 (781) 271-0480
• The Center for Thanatology Research
391 Atlantic Ave. Brooklyn, NY 11217 (718) 858-3026
• A Grave Affair
• National Archives and Records Administration
<www.nara.gov/nara/searchmicro.html> Catalog of National Archives microfilm for census and other records.
• Heritage Quest
<www.heritagequest.com/genealogy/microfilm/> All census records from 1790-1920 available on CD-ROM for purchase and on microfilm/fiche for both purchase and rental.
• Family History Centers
<www.familysearch.org/Search/searchfhc2.asp> The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints also offers rental of census records on microfilm. See the above URL or your local telephone directory for locations.
• Ancestry.com’s Images Online
<www.ancestry.com/home/celebrate/images_online.htm> Details on Ancestry’s pledge to post the digitized images of all census records from 1790-1920 online for subscribers.
• USGenWeb Census Project
<www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/census/> This all-volunteer project aims to transcribe census records and make them available to genealogical researchers on the Internet. The project’s free digital library includes a growing number of scanned census images, transcribed census schedules and indexes.
• Census Online
<www.census-online.com> One-stop shopping for places to find a wide variety of census data online, including starting points and transcriptions.
• Cyndi’s List — US Census
<www.cyndislist.com/census.htm> More than 300 links to US census-related sites.
• Census Links
<censuslinks.com> With nearly 6,000 links to birth, death, marriage and, of course, census transcriptions (including slave schedules), this site offers a broad reach with a specific focus. You’ll also find links to other online census research aids.
• Census Online & Other Diggins
<www.imagin.net/~tracers/census1.htm> This site is an ongoing project that offers databases of census transcriptions, tax lists, marriages, Civil War soldiers and more. Conduct searches by state, surname and many other categories. Genealogy tips, books, research and hundreds of links available.
• Finding Treasures in the US Federal Census
<www.firstct.com/fv/uscensus.html> Article on the background of the census, glitches, using the Soundex system, and how to get started on your census research, by Judy Hanna Green of the Treasure Maps Web site.
• Census Lookups
<www.rootsweb.com/~uslookup/> E-mail your requests or volunteer your services to look up census records for specific names, dates and places.
• US Census Bureau
<www.census.gov> Ground zero for current census information, but not the place to find old records.
• The Census Book: A Genealogist’s Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes by William Dollarhide (Heritage Quest)
• 200 Years of US Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790-1990 by the US Department of Commerce (Frontier Press)
To find the Family History Center near you, call the Family History Support line, toll-free, (800) 346-6044. Hours are 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Mountain time, Monday-Saturday.
Search for your location at <www.familysearch.org/Search/searchfhc2.asp>.
To search the Family History Library catalog before visiting the Family History Center: <www.familysearch.org/Search/searchcatalog.asp>.
WEB SITES FOR LEARNING MORE
• Cyndi’s List
<www.cyndislist.com/lds.htm> Links to sites about the Family History Library.
• Everton’s Genealogical Helper Classes
<www.everton.com/genealogy/helper> Online classes about using the library and centers.
• Roots-L Resources
<www.rootsweb.com/roots-l/fhc.html> Articles, links and mailing lists.
• Welcome to the Family History Center
<www.lds.org/library/display/0,4945,35-1-19-1,FF.html> Part of the official church site.
VISITING THE FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY
• Family History Library
35 N. West Temple St. Salt Lake City, UT 84150 (800) 346-6044 <www.familysearch.org> Hours: Monday: 7:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Tuesday-Saturday: 7:30 a.m.-10 p.m. Sunday: closed.
SALT LAKE CITY INFORMATION RESOURCES
• Salt Lake Convention & Visitors Bureau
90 S. West Temple St. Salt Lake City, UT 84101 (801) 521-2822 <www.saltlake.org>
• Salt Lake Area Chamber of Commerce
175 E. 400 South, 6th Floor Salt Lake City, UT84111 (801) 364-3631 <www.slachamber.com>
• Insiders’ Guide to Salt Lake City
• Salt Lake City CitySearch
GROUP TRAVEL TO THE FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY
• Heritage Pathways
Box 13485 Fort Wayne, IN 46869 (219)744-4807
• Jewish Genealogy Trip to Salt Lake City
Box 99 Bergenfield, NJ 07621 (800) 286-8296
• National Genealogical Society
4527 17th St. N. Arlington, VA 22207 (800) 473-0060, ext. 331 <www.ngsgenealogy.org>
• New England Historic Genealogical Society
101 Newbury St. Boston, MA 02116 (888) 286-3447 <www.newenglandancestors.org>
• Angel Island Immigration Station
<www.angelisland.org/immigro2.html> The “Ellis Island of the West.”
• Castle Clinton National Monument
<www.nps.gov/cacl> Located just off Manhattan Island, Castle Garden (as it was called then) was the US point of entry for more than 8 million immigrants between 1855 and 1890. Visit the site for information about the monument’s history.
• Cyndi’s List — Ships and Passenger Lists
<www.CyndisList.com/ships.htm> Excellent starting point on the Web.
• Family History Library’s Foreign SourceGuides and Research Outlines
<www.familysearch.org/sg/> These invaluable research outlines are currently available for Canada (all provinces), Denmark, England, France, Germany, Ireland, Latin America, Norway, Philippines, Scotland, Sweden and Wales.
• Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild
<istg.rootsweb.com> Volunteer project transcribing ship passenger lists.
• Immigration and Ships Passenger Lists Research Guide
<home.att.net/~arnielang/shipgide.html> Step-by-step how-to.
• Kin Ships
<www.KinShipsPrints.com> Order prints of your ancestor’s ship.
BOOKS AND CDS
• American Naturalization Processes and Procedures, 1790-1985 by John J. Newman (Heritage Quest)
• Coming to America: A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in American Life by Roger Daniels (HarperCollins)
• Ellis Island: The Official Souvenir Guide by B. Colin Hamblin (Companion Press)
• The Ellis Island Experience CD-ROM (SouthPeak Interactive)
• Ellis Island and the Peopling of America: The Official Guide by Virginia Yans-McLaughlin and Marjorie Lightman (New Press)
• Family Archives: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index: 2000 Edition, 15005-19005 (Family Tree Maker CD #354)
• A Genealogist’s Guide to Discovering Your English Ancestors by Paul Milner and Linda Jonas (Betterway Books)
• A Genealogist’s Guide to Discovering Your Germanic Ancestors by S. Chris Anderson and Ernest Thode (Betterway Books)
• A Genealogist’s Guide to Discovering Your Immigrant Ethnic Ancestors by Sharon DeBartolo Carmack (Betterway Books)
• A Genealogist’s Guide to Discovering Your Italian Ancestors by Lynn Nelson (Betterway Books)
• Guide to Naturalization Records of the United States by Christina K. Schaefer (Genealogical Publishing)
• Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups edited by Stephen Thernstrom, Ann Orlov and Oscar Handlin (Belknap Press)
• Immigrant and Passenger Arrivals: A Select Catalog of the National Archives Microfilm Publications, 2nd edition (National Archives Trust Fund Board; also online at <www.nara.gov>)
• Passenger and Immigration Lists Index: A Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 500,000 Passengers who Came to the United States and Canada in the 17th, 18th and 19th Centuries by P. William Filby (multi-volume reference, available in libraries)
• Ships of Our Ancestors by Michael J. Anuta (Genealogical Publishing Co.)
• They Became Americans: Finding Naturalization Records and Ethnic Origins by Loretto Dennis Szucs (Ancestry)
• They Came in Ships: A Guide to Finding Your Immigrant Ancestor’s Ship by John Philip Colletta (Ancestry)
ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES
• Ellis Island Oral History Project
(212) 363-5807 <e-mail STLI_Library@nps.gov>
• Federation of Eastern European Family History Societies
Box 510898 Salt Lake City, UT 84151 <www.feefhs.org>
• Immigration and Naturalization Service
History Office 425 1 St. NW Washington, DC 20536 <www.ins.usdoj.gov>
• National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
700 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Washington, DC 20408 (202) 501-5400 <www.nara.gov/genealogy> For regional offices’ street, e-mail and Web addresses; telephone and fax numbers; and holdings and areas served, see <www.nara.gov/regional/nrmenu.html>.
• Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation
Dept. W 52 Vanderbilt Ave. New York, NY 10017 (212)883-1986 <www.ellisisland.org>
US LIBRARIES WITH MAJOR GENEALOGICAL COLLECTIONS
• Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Ind.
<www.acpl.lib.in.us/> The largest genealogical library outside Utah, the Allen County Public Library’s Historical Genealogy Department contains more than 220,000 printed volumes and 251,000 items of microfilm and microfiche. The collection includes more than 38,000 volumes of compiled genealogies and nearly 5,000 genealogies on microfiche.
• Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
<www.bham.lib.al.us/> The library’s genealogy and local history collections are strongest for Alabama, but include major holdings for Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Louisiana and other Southern states.
• Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah
<www.lib.byu.edu/menu.html> The Genealogy and Microforms Department of BYU’s Harold B. Lee Library was the first, and remains the largest, of the 3,400 Family History Centers around the world <www.lib.byu.edu/-uvrfhc>. In addition to an extensive collection of printed resources, the library holds 650,000 rolls of microfilm and 2 million microfiches.
• California State Library-Sutro, San Francisco
<www.library.ca.gov/> The Sutro Library has one of the largest genealogical collections west of Salt Lake City. Its collections include more than 7,000 family histories, 35,000 local histories and vital records titles, and all US census microfilms from 1790 to 1920. You can find more on the library and links to search the entire California state library system at <18.104.22.168/GENCOLL/sutro.htm>.
• Dallas Public Library
<catalog.dallaslibrary.org> Choose “genealogy” from the pull-down menu of libraries to search. The genealogy collection consists of 78,000 books, 40,000 rolls of microfilm and 74,700 microfiches. Among the titles are genealogies and all types of genealogical source material. The collection covers the entire United States and includes genealogical resources for Canada, the British Isles, Germany and other countries.
• Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), Washington, DC
<dar.library.net> The DAR Library holds more than 150,000 books. Thousands of volumes of genealogical compilations, such as gravestone transcriptions and Bible records, are available nowhere else. The collection focuses on the American Revolution, but also includes substantial materials for the colonial era and the 19th century. Some 53,000 microfilms and microfiches supplement the book collection.
• Denver Public Library
<www.denver.lib.co.us/> The library’s Genealogy Collection consists of about 60,000 volumes and 75,000 microforms. The collection focuses on US materials, but includes significant resources for Southern, African-American, Native American and Southwestern Hispanic research. The Western History Collection is made up of 100,000 volumes, 135,000 microforms and a large manuscript collection.
• Detroit Public Library
<www.detroit.lib.mi.us/> The library’s Burton Historical Collection contains genealogical materials covering the entire United States. It also features many Canadian sources and early French records.
• Family History Library, Salt Lake City
<www.familysearch.org> The largest genealogical library in the world, the Family History Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints holds more than 2 million rolls of microfilm and about 700,000 microfiches. The library has extensive records from North America and Europe, a major Latin American collection and significant holdings for other countries. Hundreds of thou-sands of books, including family histories, local histories and other research aids, round out the collection. Most of the microfilms and microfiches can be borrowed through your local Family History Center.
• Houston Public Library-Clayton Library
<sparc.hpl.lib.tx.us/clayton/> The Clayton Library’s Center for Genealogical Research has many family histories and county histories, as well as city directories for major US cities through 1860 and all US federal census records through 1910. The collection also includes abstracts and indexes of wills, deeds, vital records and church and cemetery records.
• Library of Congress, Washington, DC
<lcweb.loc.gov/catalog/> The Library of Congress has more than 40,000 genealogies and 100,000 local histories. In addition to published material, the library has rich collections of manuscripts, microfilms, newspapers, photographs and maps. International in scope, the collections include extensive material for North America, the British Isles and Germany, and significant holdings for other areas. The library’s royalty, nobility and heraldry collection is unsurpassed in North America.
• Los Angeles Public Library
<catalog.Iapl.org/> The library’s History and Genealogy Department has more than 40,000 volumes, including more than 10,000 genealogies. Check the Barrett Genealogy Index <dbase1.lapl. org/pages/barrett.htm>, an index to family names in these genealogies. The History and Genealogy Department is described at <www.lapl.org/central/history.html>. The Central Library’s Map Collection, one of the largest in American public libraries, houses 80,000 maps, 2,000 atlases and 1,000 gazetteers.
• Mid-Continent Public Library, Independence, Mo.
<opac.mcpl.lib.mo.us/> The library’s collection of 40,000 titles encompasses genealogies, local and state histories and indexes and abstracts of county records. The focus is on Missouri, states bordering Missouri and states east of Missouri. The library makes more than 5,000 genealogy and local history books available by interlibrary loan.
• National Genealogical Society, Arlington, Va.
<www.ngsgenealogy.org> The library’s 30,000 family history and local history books are complemented by a large manuscript collection, members’ ancestral charts, Bible records and family history files. Members not only receive the society’s acclaimed scholarly journal and informative newsletter, but also access to the library’s book-lending service available throughout the continental United States. Both members and non-members may use the NCSearch service to submit a specific research question to the library staff.
• National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
<lcweb. loc.gov/colll/nucmc/> This catalog lists nearly 500,000 manuscripts held in research libraries, museums, state archives and historical societies located throughout North America.
• New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston
<www. nehgs.org> Extensive resources for New England genealogy, including many materials from other regions of the United States, Canada, England, Ireland and Continental Europe. A members-only circulating library holds more than 25,000 volumes, including many of the most popular of the nearly 200,000 volumes, journals, microfilms and CD-ROMs in the Research Library.
• New York Public Library
<catnyp.nypl.org/> The library’s US History, Local History & Genealogy Division has one of the largest genealogical collections in the country. The family history collection is international in scope and includes many foreign-language materials. More than 25,000 local and state histories cover the entire United States. Many of the library’s manuscript and typescript volumes are the only copies in existence anywhere.
• Newberry Library, Chicago
<www.newberry.org> A private institution, but open to the public, the Newberry Library has an impressive collection of more than 17,000 genealogies. Noteworthy among them are histories of colonial New England families and rare titles on British noble families. The library’s local history collection includes town, county and church histories from all over the United States, as well as Canada and the British Isles.
• Seattle Public Library
<www.spl.lib.wa.us/> The library’s Genealogy Collection contains more than 23,000 books, as well as periodicals, pamphlets and microfilm. In addition to materials for most areas of the United States, the library has some genealogy and local history works for other countries.
• State Historical Society of Wisconsin
<www.shsw.wisc.edu/library> The extensive holdings include published genealogies and local histories for all parts of the United States and Canada. The newspaper collection is the second-largest in the country, dating from the 17th century to the present.
• Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland
<www.wrhs.org/searchme.htm> One of the first institutions in America to collect genealogical materials, the Western Reserve Historical Society holds more than 18,000 family histories. The library focuses on source materials for states east of the Mississippi River, but also has major sources for other states. In addition to histories of all Ohio counties, the collection includes many town and county histories for the original 13 states, as well as other states in the Midwest and in the upper South.
• Australia, National Library of
• British Library
• Canada, National Library of
• France, Bibliotheque Nationale de
• Netherlands, National Library of the
• New Zealand, National Library of
• Norway, National Library of
• Scotland, National Library of
• Sweden, National Library of
• Swiss National Library
• Wales, National Library of
STATE LIBRARIES AND HISTORICAL SOCIETIES
• Alaska State Library
• Arkansas State Library
• California State Library — Sacramento
• Colorado Historical Society
• Connecticut Historical Society
• Connecticut State Library
• Florida State Archives and State Library of Florida
• Georgia Department of Archives and History
• Idaho State Library
• Illinois State Historical Library
• Illinois State Library
• Indiana Historical Society
• Indiana State Library
• Iowa, State Library of
• Kansas State Library
• Kansas State Historical Society
• Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives
• Louisiana, State Library of
• Maine State Library
• Maryland Historical Society
• Michigan, Library of
• Minnesota Historical Society
<www.pals.msus.edu/webpals> This site connects to library catalogs in Minnesota and across the Midwest, including universities, governmental libraries and local branches. Search special collections, including Norwegian sources at Concordia College and Germans from Russia at North Dakota State University.
• New Hampshire Historical Society
• New Hampshire State Library
• New Jersey State Library
• New Mexico State Library
• New York State Library
• North Carolina, State Library of
• North Dakota State Library
• Ohio Historical Society
• Ohio, State Library of
• Oregon Historical Society
• Oregon State Library
• Pennsylvania, State Library of
• South Carolina Historical Society
• South Carolina State Library
• South Dakota State Archives
• South Dakota State Library
• Tennessee State Library and Archives
• Texas State Library and Archives Commission
• Vermont State Archives and Vermont Historical Society
• Virginia Historical Society
• Virginia, Library of
• Washington State Library
• Wisconsin, State Historical Society of
• Wyoming State Library
• The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies
18 South Seventh St. Philadelphia, PA 19106 (215) 925-8090 <www.balchinstitute.org> Museum, library and archive dedicated to collecting and interpreting materials reflecting our multicultural heritage.
PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES, CANADA
• British Columbia Archives
• Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management Library
• Bibliotheque de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
• Joseph Horner Memorial Library, German Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
• Rio Grande Valley Library System, Albuquerque, NM
• Macalester College, St. Paul, Minn.
• Yeshiva University, New York, NY
• Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.
DIRECTORIES OF LIBRARY WEB SITES AND ONLINE CATALOGS
• Archival and Manuscript Repositories in the US
<lcweb.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/other.html> List maintained by the Library of Congress.
• Cyndi’s List — Libraries, Archives and Museums
• Gabriel: National Libraries of Europe
• Genealogy Libraries in the US
• Genealogy Libraries on the WWW
<www.genealogy.org/~holdiman/LSG/libraries.html> List maintained by Librarians Serving Genealogists.
<www.lights.com/hytelnet> Lists of links to online library catalogs worldwide, maintained by Peter Scott.
<sunsite.berkeley.edu> Links to more than 3,000 pages from libraries in more than 90 countries, available through the Berkeley Digital Library.
• State Archives and Historical Societies
<www.ohiohistory.org/textonly/links/arch_hs.html> Links compiled by the Ohio Historical Society.
• State Libraries
<lcweb.loc.gov/global/library/statelib.html> List maintained by the Library of Congress.
• The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789
<memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/armhtml/armhome. html> This Library of Congress American Memory collection features 2,000-plus maps and charts of North America and the West Indies from 1750 to 1789, many from famous mapmakers and major London map publishers.
• Canadian County Atlas Digital Project
<imago.library.mcgill.ca/countyatlas/default.asp> If you think your ancestors might have lived in Canada during the 1870s and 1880s, check out this searchable database of Canadian county atlases. McGill University has scanned the contents of these atlases, which reveal the county’s history, townships and town maps, portraits and names of residents. Just type in the last name, along with county and township if you know them, and you might just see where your relative lived.
• Cartographic Images
<www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/carto.html> An online collection of digitized maps from all over the world, including 90 cartographic images of maps from 6,000 BC-400 AD, 175 maps from 400-1300, 200 maps from 1300-1500, and 800 maps from 1500-1870.
• Civil War Image Map
<homepage.floodcity.net/users/mastdog/battlemaps.html> Click on any state or county and find out what Civil War battles took place there, along with links to sites dealing with those battles. Also features battle maps of both the western and eastern theaters.
• Color Landform Atlas of the United States
<fermi.jhuapl.edu/states/states.html> Each state of the union is represented here by a topographic map, county map, color and black-and-white shaded relief maps, satellite images, an 1895 map from an old Rand McNally Atlas of the World, and a printable PostScript map of counties in the state. Plus state-specific links to other geographic sites.
• David Rumsey Collection (of antique maps)
<www.davidrumsey.com> The maps, charts, globes, atlases and school geographies our ancestors used during the 18th and 19th centuries in North and South America are at your disposal, free, by way of the Internet. Cartography Associates digitized its 20-year-old David Rumsey Collection, making rare materials that were created in America and that illustrate the evolution of the country’s history, culture and population available to all Web users. You’re able to view these high-resolution scanned documents through special imaging software — which can be downloaded onto your computer automatically — and with it can zoom in to reveal every detail of these exquisite antique maps. One note of caution: This site needs a fast computer, fast connection and an up-to-date browser in order to be fully enjoyed. It requires lots of patience from those of us with slower machines.
• Finding US Locations Using Online Aerial Photos and Topographical Maps
<www.cswnet.com/-sbooks/genealogy/html/topo.htm> Typical road maps and atlases can show you the way to your local mall or courthouse, but what if you’re looking for old places — family homesteads and cemeteries, for example? Genealogy buff Michael Goad found a Web-savvy answer, using a combination of US Geological Survey records and a Microsoft program called TerraServer. His site shows how you can search the USGS’s Geographical Information Names System for a family surname, then get the coordinates and location of places with that name. With that information, Goad demonstrates how to use TerraServer to download aerial photos or images of that place.
<freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~genmaps> New genealogy-related sites pop up all the time, but few are as attractive and useful as this brand-new collection of digitized maps of Great Britain. The maps range from the 14th to 19th centuries, and come from an array of sources (some are scanned directly by the Webmaster, others are links to external sites). Easy to use and handy for all researching their English, Scottish and Welsh roots. Unlike many map sites, these are free of charge.
• Historic USGS Maps of New England
<docs.unh.edu/nhtopos/nhtopos.htm> US Geological Survey topographic maps of New England from the 1890s to 1950s from the University of New Hampshire’s Dimond Library Documents Department and Data Center.
• Land Records Database
<userdb.rootsweb.com/landrecords/> Contains 1.3 million land records (contributed by RootsWeb users) including more than 91,000 distinct surnames. Search by first name, surname and state.
• Library of Congress Geography and Maps: An Illustrated Guide
<lcweb.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/guide/> Online version of the official guide to the Library’s cartographic holdings of 4.2 million map sheets, 53,000 atlases, 700,000 microfilm images, 300 globes, 2,000 terrain models, 1.6 million aerial photographs and remote sensing images, and 1,820 computer files.
• Map Collections: 1544-1999
<Icweb2.l0c.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html> One of the Library of Congress’ incredible American Memory collections, this one features the Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. Map Collections is organized according to seven major categories: cities and towns; cultural landscapes; conservation and environment; military battles and campaigns; discovery and exploration; transportation and communication; and finally, general maps. Most maps on this site may be downloaded.
• Official Federal Land Patent Records Site
<www.glorecords.blm.gov> The US Bureau of Land Management’s site includes searchable access to more than 2 million federal land titles issued in the eastern United States between 1820 and 1908 and after June 30,1908, in the West. There’s also general current and historical information about land ownership and use, as well as a glossary of land patent terminology.
• Railroad Maps 1828-1900 from the Library of Congress
<memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrhome.html> A selection of digitized maps from the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, which represents the development of cartographic style and technique of railroad maps, as well as achievements of early railroaders in reaching their goal of providing a transportation network across the country.
<www.TopoZone.com> It’s easier to understand your ancestors’ way of life when you understand the locations they came from. This site offers a searchable database of topographic maps from almost every corner of the United States. Only current maps are available, but this site is especially helpful if you’re looking for a small town that might not be thoroughly mapped online anywhere else. Maps are in easy-to-view GIF format.
• United States Digital Map Library
<www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/maps/> A USGenWeb volunteer project to make quality maps available to genealogists. The state and county, US and Indian land treaty maps shown here were published prior to 1923, produced by the US government, or both.
• Using Maps in Genealogy
<mapping.usgs.gov/mac/isb/pubs/factsheets/fs14099.html> Cities, counties and countries have changed their boundaries and names more often than you might think. While you ultimately will want to see a map from the period in question, the US Geological Survey gives a good overview of the challenges you’ll face in your search.
• Worldwide Directory of Cities and Towns
<www.calle.com/world/> Say you’ve just discovered a line of ancestors who hail from Nagyberki, Hungary, or Eksten-sholm, Finland. You can barely pronounce your ancestral hometown, so how in the world are you going to find it? The Worldwide Directory of Cities and Towns makes your online search as simple as three clicks: one on the country name, one on an alphabetized list of towns and cities, and finally on the place you’re looking for. Each of the site’s 3.4 million towns is represented by a geographic map, as well as links to specific weather, airport, locator map and other information.
BOOKS AND SOFTWARE
• American State Papers: Documents Legislative and Executive of the Congress of the United States, Class 8 — Public Lands and Class 9 — Claims
• The Basic Researcher’s Guide to Homesteads and Other Federal Land Records by James C. Barsi (Nuthatch Grove Press)
• Land & Property Research in the United States by E. Wade Hone (Ancestry)
• Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735-1815 by William Dollarhide (Heritage Quest)
• Map Guide to the US Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 by William Thorndale and William Dollarhide (Genealogical Publishing Co.)
• Atlas & Gazetteer series, DeLorme Mapping Co., Box 298, Yarmouth, ME 04096, (800) 511-2459, <www.delorme. com/atlases/atlasgaz.htm>
• The Roads of… map series combines detailed state road maps with genealogically relevant features such as churches, cemeteries and historic sites for the states of North Carolina, Arkansas, Texas, New Mexico and Colorado. Shearer Publishing, 406 Post Oak Road, Fredericksburg, TX 78624, (800) 458-3808, <www.shearerpub.com/travel. htm>
• US Geological Survey Topographic Maps Select from more than 70,000 maps <mapping.usgs.gov/mac/findmaps.html>
• Door-to-Door 2000 Deluxe
Mapping software, TravRoute, 1000 Herrontown Rd., Princeton, NJ 08540, (888) 872-8768, <www.travroute. com>. Windows 95 or later, includes global positioning and Windows CE features
• Street Atlas USA 7.0
mapping software, $44.95, DeLorme, Box 298, 2 DeLorme Dr., Yarmouth, ME 04096, (800) 452-5931, <www.delorme. com>. Windows 95 or later, includes global positioning, Windows CE and Palm Pilot features; version 6.0 for Macintosh, $49.95
• Vital Records Information
<vitalrec.com> Where to obtain vital records (such as birth, death and marriage certificates and divorce decrees) from each US state, territory and county. A terrific source of information, including the charge for records, the years they are available and the address to write. There also are links to non-US vital records sites.
• National Center for Health Statistics
<www.cdc.gov/nchswww/howto/w2w/w2welcom.htm> Contact information to obtain birth, death, marriage and divorce certificates from each state. Birth records are generally closed to anyone other than the individual; marriage and divorce records are generally public (there are exceptions); death records are often restricted.
• BRB Publications
<www.brbpub.com/pubrecsites.asp> More than 275 state, county, city and federal (court) Web site links where you can access public record information free. For example, the San Bernardino County, Calif, recorder has an index to official records back to 1981 that includes deeds, liens, judgments, powers of attorney and affidavits of death. The types of online record searches vary by county and state and can include tax assessor, civil and criminal court, probate and marriage indexes.
<www.vitalcheknetwork.com/vitalchek/vitalchek.asp> Pass the hassle of acquiring vital records on to someone else: Order your birth, death, marriage and divorce certificates by phone, fax or online, and pay with a credit card. Documents are certified with the raised seal of the issuing agency.
• National VETS Archives
<www.vets.org/> Database of more than 12,000 veterans reunions, as well as a search service to help locate military buddies.
<resources.rootsweb.com/~rootslink/search.html> This RootsWeb search engine will look for words and phrases appearing in records.
• The Records Room
<www.recordsroom.com> Search vital, military, cemetery and other records indexed here.
• Ancestors’ Attic
<members.aol.com/Tuffsearch/Genealogylinks.html> Vital records, maps, libraries, translators and many other useful resources.
• I Dream of Genealogy
<www.idream of.com/home.html> Professional genealogy service’s Web site offers free access to records, records and more records: birth, death, military, census, arrest, divorce, schools, taxes … the list goes on. You also can read the biographies of researched individuals from across the United States, categorized by county.
• World War I Draft Registrations
<userdb.rootsweb.com/wwi/draft/> Vital records from 1 million WWI draft cards.
STATE WEB SITES
• Colorado Vital Records Online
<www.quickinfo.net/madi/comadi.html> Marriage index, 1975-1998; divorce index, 1975-1999.
• Kentucky Vital Records Online
<ukcc.uky.edu/~vitalrec/> Marriage and divorce index, 1973-1993; death index, 1911-1992.
• Maine Vital Records Online
<www.state.me.us/sos/arc/research/homepage. htm> Marriage index, 1892-1996, and death index, 1960-1996.
• Ohio Vital Records Online
<dbs.ohiohistory.org/dindex/search.cfm> Death index, 1913-1937 (eventually will span 1908-1944).
• Tennessee Vital Records Online
<22.214.171.124/sos/statelib/pubsvs/death.htm> Death index, 1914-1925.
• International Vital Records Handbook by Thomas Jay Kemp (Genealogical Publishing Co.)
• The Vital Records Compendium by John D. Stemmons (Everton)
• The Genealogist’s Address Book, 4th edition (includes addresses for all state vital records offices) by Elizabeth Petty Bentley (Genealogical Publishing Co.)
• Sources for Vital Records Before 1900 by Arlene H. Eakle (Genealogical Institute)
• Territorial Vital Records CD 18005 -1906 by Ja-Ne’t Global Software (Global Data CD Publishers)