A Complete List of State Censuses

A Complete List of State Censuses

Genealogists love federal censuses, but state censuses can prove just as helpful. Use this list to figure out what years these underused documents were created for your ancestor's state.

State censuses vary by state, but can serve as useful substitutes to the decennial federal census.

So you’ve found your ancestor in every federal census. But other enumerations can breathe new life into your research. Many state or territorial governments periodically administered their own population counts, and these state censuses can help you fill in gaps left by the federal census. Together with resources like city directories, these can provide information on your ancestors’ activities between federal census years. Depending on the circumstance, state censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing or incomplete federal census records. And in some states, state censuses pre-date their federal counterparts, making them key resources in tracing Colonial or pioneer ancestors.

The table below shows all known state censuses for each state, plus the District of Columbia. Each census asked different questions. And as you might expect, these documents vary in their availability, including what archive or repository holds them. For more on state censuses and where to find them, check out the FamilySearch Wiki‘s entry for each state.

StateState and territorial census year(s)
Alabama1816, 1818, 1820–21, 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907
Alaska1870, 1878–79, 1881, 1885, 1887, 1890–95, 1904–07, 1914, 1917
Arizona1866–67, 1869, 1872, 1874, 1876, 1880, 1882
Arkansas1823, 1829, 1865, 1911
California1788, 1790, 1796–98, 1816, 1836, 1844, 1852
Colorado1860, 1866, 1885
ConnecticutNone known
Delaware1782
District of Columbia1803, 1867, 1878
Florida1825, 1855, 1866–68, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1935, 1945
Georgia1798–1800, 1827, 1834, 1838, 1845, 1852–53, 1859, 1865, 1879
Hawaii1866, 1878, 1890, 1896
IdahoNone known
Illinois1810, 1818, 1820, 1825, 1830, 1835, 1840, 1845, 1855, 1865
Indiana1807, 1853, 1857, 1866, 1871, 1877, 1883, 1889, 1901, 1907, 1913, 1919, 1925, 1931, 1937
Iowa1836, 1838, 1844, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851–52, 1854, 1856, 1859, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925
Kansas1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925
KentuckyNone known
LouisianaNone known (though several colonial censuses from 1699–1796)
Maine1837
Maryland1776, 1778
Massachusetts1855, 1865
Michigan1837, 1845, 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884, 1894
Minnesota1849, 1853, 1855, 1857, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905
Mississippi1801, 1805, 1808–1810, 1816, 1818, 1820, 1822–25, 1830, 1833, 1837, 1840–41, 1845, 1850, 1853, 1860, 1866
Missouri1817, 1819, 1840, 1844, 1852, 1856, 1860, 1864, 1876, 1880
MontanaNone known
Nebraska1854–56, 1865, 1869, 1885
Nevada1860–61, 1862–63, 1875
New HampshireNone known
New Jersey1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915
New Mexico1790, 1823, 1845, 1885
New York1790, 1825, 1835, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925
North Carolina1784–87
North Dakota1885, 1915, 1925
OhioNone known
Oklahoma1890, 1907
Oregon1842–46, 1849–50, 1853–59, 1865, 1870, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905
PennsylvaniaNone known
Rhode Island1774, 1777, 1782, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935
South Carolina1829, 1839, 1869, 1875
South Dakota1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935, 1945
Tennessee1891
Texas1829–1836
Utah1851, 1856
VermontNone known
Virginia1782–86
Washington1856–58, 1860, 1871, 1877–81, 1883, 1885, 1887, 1889, 1892, 1898
West VirginiaNone known
Wisconsin1836, 1838, 1842, 1846, 1847, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905
Wyoming1869

This table originally appeared in the Family Tree Factbook. This quick-reference guide contains the most important genealogy statistics, charts and strategies. Inside, you’ll find suggestions for how to find and use census records, plus a complete list of questions asked by federal censuses throughout the centuries. The book also contains help tips for searching online records, allowing you to search genealogy websites with ease.

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